Abortion is an artificial termination of pregnancy, which is carried out both for medical reasons and at the personal request of a woman. The procedure requires prior preparation. A woman needs to conduct a preliminary diagnosis to determine the gestational age – a consultation with a gynecologist, an ultrasound scan to determine the gestational age and pass the necessary tests. Recovery from abortion is a rather difficult period, which needs special attention.
When is a medical abortion necessary?
Medical abortion based on the pharmacological effects of special drugs on the female body is recommended for up to 8 weeks. Taking medications that provoke a miscarriage is carried out under the supervision of a doctor. A few weeks later, after the fetus has left the uterus, it is necessary to do a control ultrasound. If the fetus is not fully released, an additional surgical curettage procedure will be required.
The decision on the possibility of medical abortion is made by the doctor after studying the woman’s history, determining the exact gestational age and possible contraindications. In some cases, medical abortion ends with hormonal disruptions, which are eliminated with the help of special therapy.
When is vacuum aspiration used?
For up to 9-10 weeks, you can also have a vacuum abortion. This method is less sparing than medication, but the procedure takes place without affecting the hormonal background, which is already under severe shock after an abortion.
With vacuum aspiration, the fetus is removed from the uterine cavity using special equipment operating under high pressure. The procedure takes up to five minutes. To provide the woman with maximum comfort, vacuum abortion is performed under local or general anesthesia. Currently, vacuum abortion is done up to 10 weeks.
How to heal from an abortion
Abortion is a serious intervention in the female body, which leads to inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs, menstrual irregularities, hormonal disruptions, and even infertility.
After an abortion, a woman needs to seriously take care of her health and undergo an after-abortion recovery course. During the first weeks after an abortion, it is recommended to observe sexual rest, avoid baths, saunas and swim in open water. Try to observe bed rest in the first days after the termination of pregnancy and protect yourself from physical exertion. Even slight muscle strain can lead to bleeding and complicate abortion recovery.
Not Alone Pregnancy Center gives important recommendations related to recovery after abortion:
- Avoid hypothermia, which can cause inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs;
- Wear natural cotton underwear;
- Observe the hygiene of the genital organs at least twice a day;
- Do not use tampons to absorb bloody post-abortion secretions;
- Avoid additional stress, try to maintain emotional peace.
Within two to three months after an abortion, a woman should be especially attentive to her health. It is necessary to visit a gynecologist not only if there are indications but also for preventive examinations. If you feel worse, do not self-medicate – otherwise, you can aggravate the situation,
When to see a doctor urgently
- An increase in body temperature, weakness, dizziness is a “dangerous” symptom in the first weeks after an abortion, which may indicate the development of an inflammatory process;
- Pain in the lower abdomen;
- Profuse bleeding;
- Absence or too frequent menstruation.
To reduce the risk of side effects after an abortion, it is important to restore the protective properties of the body. Eat right, be outdoors more often, do not abuse bad habits.
To restore the hormonal background after an abortion, doctors often recommend that their patients undergo hormone therapy. This approach will not only allow you to recover faster but also help prevent a second unwanted pregnancy. The average recommended period for taking hormonal contraceptives is three months. Despite the fact that today there is a large assortment of drugs for restoring hormonal levels, it is necessary to take medicines on the recommendation of a doctor.
How can you reduce the chance of side effects after an abortion? If the pregnancy is unwanted and you are confident in your decision, do not waste time. In the early stages, the safest methods of pregnancy interruption can be used. They have fewer side effects.
Abortion is a serious stress for the female body, so you should not take artificial termination of pregnancy as a means of contraception. Today, there are many ways to prevent unwanted pregnancy (vaginal suppositories, hormonal pills, intrauterine devices, condoms). Consult a gynecologist to choose an effective contraceptive that is right for you!